Intact Forest Landscapes worldwide

Release date: October 2006, updated in April 2014, June 2018

Author(s): Intact Forest Landscapes mapping team - Greenpeace (Ilona Zhuravleva, Anna Komarova, Igor Glushkov, Alexey Yaroshenko), Global Forest Watch (Susan Minnemeyer), Transparent world (Elena Esipova, Dmitry Aksenov), The GLAD laboratory in the Department of Geographical Sciences at he University of Maryland (Peter Potapov, Svetlana Turubanova), WWF Russia (Konstantin Kobyakov). The full author's list is on

Language: English

Project website
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Scientific publications:

Potapov, P., Hansen, M. C., Laestadius L., Turubanova S., Yaroshenko A., Thies C., Smith W., Zhuravleva I., Komarova A., Minnemeyer S., Esipova E. 2016. The last frontiers of wilderness: Tracking loss of intact forest landscapes from 2000 to 2013. Science Advances, 2017; 3:e1600821

Potapov P., Yaroshenko A., Turubanova S., Dubinin M., Laestadius L., Thies C., Aksenov D., Egorov A., Yesipova Y., Glushkov I., Karpachevskiy M., Kostikova A., Manisha A., Tsybikova E., Zhuravleva I. 2008. Mapping the World’s Intact Forest Landscapes by Remote Sensing. Ecology and Society, 13 (2)

Zhuravleva I., Turubanova S., Potapov P., Hansen M., Tyukavina A., Minnemeyer S., Laporte N., Goetz S., Verbelen F., and Thies C. 2013. Satellite-based primary forest degradation assessment in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2000–2010. Environmental Research Letters 8: 024034

Potapov P., Laestadius L., Yaroshenko A., Turubanova S. 2009. Global mapping and monitoring the extent of forest alteration: The Intact Forest Landscapes method. FAO, Forest Resources Assessment, Working Paper 166.

Intact Forest Landscapes (IFL) are mosaics of forest and naturally treeless ecosystems within the zone of current forest extent, which exhibit no remotely detected signs of human activity or habitat fragmentation and are large enough to maintain all native biological diversity, including viable populations of wide-ranging species. IFLs have high conservation value and are critical for stabilizing terrestrial carbon storage, retaining biodiversity, regulating hydrological regimes, and providing other ecosystem functions. The first global IFL map was prepared in 2006 (for circa 2000) and this was updated in 2014 (for circa 2013) and in 2017. Public release was done on June 2018.

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Materials in Russian.